Stephen invented the P2i technology while carrying out his PhD at Durham University on ‘liquid repellent surfaces’. He was consequently employed by the UK’s Ministry of Defence to set up a plasma capability and further scale-up the patented technology for industrial applications. In 2001, Stephen moved into project managing the UK Nuclear Biological and Chemical clothing program, but continued to exploit the plasma technology for a range of commercial applications. Stephen was the founding member of P2i when it was formed in February 2004 and has more than 15 years’ experience in advanced material sciences and plasma processing, focusing on the commercialisation of the technology as a proven, cost effective industrial process. He is a member of P2i’s main Board.